As the name implies these are injuries caused through playing sports. Sports injuries are common among those who play football, rugby, hockey, netball and skiing.
Common sports injuries
Common sports injuries include:
- Cruciate Ligament ruptures
- with meniscal damage
- with cartilage damage
- Patella dislocations with MPFL rupture
- Isolated cartilage damage
- Ligament sprains
Sports Injury Treatments
Depending on the injury the following treatments may be recommended for sports injuries.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is responsible for controlling rotational stability of the knee. When the ACL is torn, the knee is unstable for activities involving pivoting, twisting or accelerating. If these stresses are applied to the knee then it may give way.
The medial patellofemoral ligament is one of the ligaments on the medial aspect of the knee. Injury to the MPFL is most common during a non-contact twisting action in valgus (knee going inwards) most likely during the first 20-30 degrees of flexion as the quadriceps tighten simultaneously and pull the patella laterally.
The knee meniscus is a cartilage structure positioned in the knee joint attached to the tibia which has a role of absorbing shocks whilst weight bearing and also to complete the congruence between the round surface of the femur(thighbone) ant flat surface of the tibia (shin bone).
The menisci can be damaged or torn during activities which involve loading and pivoting the knee joint such as during a football tackle or when the foot remain planted into the astro turf and the body continues the rotation carried by the momentum – sudden pivot.
Articular cartilage is normally covering the ends of our bones protecting it and assuring a smooth movement of the joints. Due to trauma it may break away and you may have loose pieces of cartilage blocking the normal range of movement locking the knee.